FCI-Standard N° 359
Origin: Great Britain
Date of publication of the official valid standard: 05/07/2011
Group 3 Terriers
Section 3 Bull type Terriers
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: It was a certain James Hinks who
first standardised the breed type in the 1850s, selecting the
egg-shaped head. The breed was first shown in its present form at
Birmingham in 1862. The Bull Terrier Club was formed in 1887. The
truly interesting thing about the breed is that the standard says
quite deliberately : “There are neither weight nor height limits,
but there should be the impression of maximum substance for size of
dog consistent with quality and sex. Dog should at all times be
A smaller example of the Bull Terrier has been known since the early
19th century but fell out of favour prior to the First World War and
was removed from the Kennel Club Breed Register in 1918. In 1938, a
revival was spearheaded by Colonel Richard Glyn and a group of
fellow enthusiasts who formed the Miniature Bull Terrier Club. The
standard is the same as that of the Bull Terrier with the exception
of a height limit.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Strongly built, muscular, well balanced
and active with a keen, determined and intelligent expression. A
unique feature is a downfaced, egg-shaped head. Irrespective of size
dogs should look masculine and bitches feminine.
BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT: Courageous, full of spirit, with a fun
loving attitude. Of even temperament and amenable to discipline.
Although obstinate is particularly good with people.
HEAD Long, strong and deep right to end of muzzle, but not
coarse. Viewed from front egg-shaped and completely filled, its
surface free from hollows or indentations. Profile curves gently
downwards from top of skull to tip of nose.
Skull: Top of skull almost flat from ear to ear.
Nose: Should be black. Bent downwards at tip. Nostrils
Lips: Clean and tight.
Jaws/Teeth: Under-jaw deep and strong. Teeth sound,
clean, strong, of good size, regular with a perfect, regular and
complete scissor bite, i. e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower
teeth and set square to the jaws.
Eyes: Appearing narrow and triangular, obliquely
placed, black or as dark brown as possible so as to appear almost
black and with a piercing glint. Distance from tip of nose to eyes
perceptibly greater than that from eyes to top of skull. Blue or
partly blue undesirable.
Ears: Small, thin and placed close together. Dog
should be able to hold them stiffly erect, when they point straight
NECK: Very muscular, long, arched, tapering from shoulders to
head and free from loose skin
BODY: Well rounded with marked spring of rib and great depth
from withers to brisket, so that latter nearer ground than belly.
Back: Short, strong, with backline behind withers
level, arching or roaching slightly over loins.
Loin: Broad, well muscled.
Chest: Broad when viewed from front.
Underline and belly: From brisket to belly forms a
graceful upward curve.
TAIL: Short, set on low and carried horizontally. Thick at
root, it tapers to a fine point.
General appearance: Dog should stand solidly upon legs
and they should be perfectly parallel. In mature dogs length of
forelegs should be approximately equal to depth of chest.
Shoulder: Strong and muscular without loading.
Shoulder blades wide, flat and held closely to chest wall and have a
very pronounced backward slope of front edge from bottom to top,
forming almost a right angle with upper arm.
Elbow: Held straight and strong.
Forearm: Forelegs have strongest type of round,
Metacarpus (Pastern): Upright.
Forefeet: Round and compact with well arched toes.
General appearance: Hind legs parallel when viewed
Stifle (Knee): Joint well bent.
Lower thigh: Well developed.
Hock joint: Well angulated.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Bone to foot short and
Hind feet: Round and compact with well arched toes.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: When moving appears well knit, smoothly
covering ground with free, easy strides and with a typical jaunty
air. When trotting, movement parallel, front and back, only
converging towards centre line at faster speeds, forelegs reaching
out well and hind legs moving smoothly at hip, flexing well at
stifle and hock, with great thrust.
SKIN: Fitting dog tightly.
Hair: Short, flat, even and harsh to touch with a fine
gloss. A soft textured undercoat may be present in winter.
Colour: For White, pure white coat. Skin pigmentation
and markings on head not to be penalised. For Coloured, colour
predominates; all other things being equal, brindle preferred. Black
brindle, red, fawn and tricolour acceptable. Tick markings in white
coat undesirable. Blue and liver highly undesirable.
SIZE AND WEIGHT: Height should not exceed 35,5 cms.
There should be an impression of substance to size of dog consistent
with quality and sex. There is no weight limit. Dog should at all
times be balanced.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault
and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should
be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health
and welfare of the dog.
• Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities
shall be disqualified
N.B: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles
fully descended into the scrotum.
GRUPPO 3 - TERRIER
Lo Standard FCI n° 359 deliberato il 3 gennaio 2012 sancisce il
Miniature Bull Terrier una razza a se stante (quindi staccata dal
Bull Terrier Taglia Normale, standard n° 11).
Nel paragrafo Size and Weight, cioè Taglia e Peso,
troviamo la seguente descrizione:
“L’altezza non dovrebbe superare i 35,5 centimetri, dove ci
dovrebbe essere l’impressione di solidità in relazione alla taglia
del cane in coerenza alle caratteristiche e al sesso (maschio o
Quindi analizzando le parole si deduce che la suddetta misura non è
un vincolo insuperabile, visto l’uso del condizionale, ma una
condizione ottimale in rapporto stretto con la sostanza e il
dimorfismo sessuale. Il tutto si traduce con il seguente termine:
Questo spiega il motivo per cui gli Inglesi e non solo, allevano
utilizzando l’interbreeding e presentano cani, a volte, anche di 40
centimetri al garrese.
L’armonia dell’insieme diventa condizione essenziale e necessaria
affinché un Miniatura rimanga sempre e comunque un Bull Terrier, con
il quale divide uno standard fotocopia, indipendentemente dalla
Sicuramente si sarebbe potuta giocare una partita importante
differenziando le altezze tra maschi e femmine, con una forbice
minima di pochi centimetri e mantenendo il limite inferiore assoluto
di 35,5 cm evitando in questo modo l’anarchia dimensionale che
confonde e crea malumori tra gli allevatori e i giudici nei ring.
Indicativamente come nello standard dello Staffordshire Bull Terrier
dove oltre ad esserci una differenza di 5 cm su cui giocare si ha
anche un peso tarato sui parametri dell’altezza.
Per concludere credo che il vero segreto stia nell’eleganza delle
forme, la vera differenza tra un cane corretto ed un fuoriclasse.