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Dagli inizi del XIX secolo possiamo trovare molti documenti ufficiali che testimoniano la presenza del Miniature Bull Terrier in Inghilterra. Il risultato dei primi incroci tra i piccoli Terriers e i Bulldogs produsse dei cani che si differenziavano nel peso da 8 lbs. a oltre 40 lbs. e le stampe della prima metà del 1800 riguardanti il "ratting" cioè il combattimento tra cani e topi, mettevano in rilievo un piccolo cane del tipo Bull Terrier di cui si racconta avesse un peso tra le 9 e le 12 lbs. I registri dell'epoca testimoniano, inoltre,la presenza a catalogo nell'International Dog Show di Islington (GB) del Maggio 1863, di una classe riservata ai "Piccoli Bull Terriers", presentati da un numero ristretto di appassionati. Il primo Bull Terrier che divenne Campione Inglese nel 1873 fu Nelson che, se giudicato secondo l'attuale Standard di Razza, potrebbe essere considerato un Miniatura in quanto pesava meno di 16 lbs. Il suo proprietario fu Mr. S.E. Shirley il Primo Presidente del Kennel Club Inglese.
Negli anni che portano alla Prima Guerra Mondiale l'interesse nei confronti dei "Piccoli Bull Terriers" cominciò gradualmente a diminuire per la sempre maggiore difficoltà nella selezione fino al 1918 quando il Miniature Bull Terrier fu rimosso dal Kennel Club Breed Register. Malgrado le difficoltà un piccolo gruppo di appassionati continuò la selezione soprattutto per usi sportivi e per "insanguare" i Terriers da caccia per aumentarne coraggio e determinazione. Si arriva così al 1938 quando un gruppo di appassionati, sotto la Presidenza del Colonnello Richard Glynn, fondò il "MINIATURE BULL TERRIER CLUB". I primi soci fecero una petizione al Kennel Club Inglese con l'obbiettivo principale di garantire una classe separata per i Bull Terriers con una taglia inferiore ai 14 inches alla spalla.

   


From the early 19th Century there is plenty of recorded evidence of small Bull Terriers. When the original crossing took place between small Terriers and Bulldogs the resulting litters would produce dogs varying in weight from 8lb to over 40lb. Most of the old ratting prints of this time feature a small dog of the Bull Terrier type, which are reported to have weighed between 9 and 12lbs.
A few breeders specialised in the smaller Bull Terriers and the first show at which a "Miniature" class was scheduled was the International Dog Show, held at Islington in May 1863. The first Bull Terrier Champion, Nelson, made up in 1873,would by today's standards be considered a Miniature. He was owned by Mr.S.E.Shirley, the first Chairman of the Kennel Club, and weighed under 16lb. In the years leading up to the First World War these smaller Bull Terriers gradually fell from favour and in 1918 the Miniature Bull Terrier was removed from the Kennel Club Breed Register. They continued to be bred by a few stalwarts, mainly for sporting use, either to go to ground or for cross breeding to Hunt Terriers to add courage and determination. Then in 1938 a group of enthusiasts, under the Chairmanship of Colonel Richard Glynn, met to form The Miniature Bull Terrier Club. They petitioned the Kennel Club with a principal objective of guaranteeing classes for Miniature Bull Terriers under 14 inches at the shoulder.

 
 

23.12.2011/EN FCI-Standard N° 359
Origin: Great Britain
Date of publication of the official valid standard: 05/07/2011
Utilization: Terrier
FCI-Classification:
Group 3 Terriers
Section 3 Bull type Terriers

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: It was a certain James Hinks who first standardised the breed type in the 1850s, selecting the egg-shaped head. The breed was first shown in its present form at Birmingham in 1862. The Bull Terrier Club was formed in 1887. The truly interesting thing about the breed is that the standard says quite deliberately : “There are neither weight nor height limits, but there should be the impression of maximum substance for size of dog consistent with quality and sex. Dog should at all times be balanced.”
A smaller example of the Bull Terrier has been known since the early 19th century but fell out of favour prior to the First World War and was removed from the Kennel Club Breed Register in 1918. In 1938, a revival was spearheaded by Colonel Richard Glyn and a group of fellow enthusiasts who formed the Miniature Bull Terrier Club. The standard is the same as that of the Bull Terrier with the exception of a height limit.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: Strongly built, muscular, well balanced and active with a keen, determined and intelligent expression. A unique feature is a downfaced, egg-shaped head. Irrespective of size dogs should look masculine and bitches feminine.

BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT: Courageous, full of spirit, with a fun loving attitude. Of even temperament and amenable to discipline. Although obstinate is particularly good with people.

HEAD Long, strong and deep right to end of muzzle, but not coarse. Viewed from front egg-shaped and completely filled, its surface free from hollows or indentations. Profile curves gently downwards from top of skull to tip of nose.

CRANIAL REGION:
Skull: Top of skull almost flat from ear to ear.

FACIAL REGION:
Nose: Should be black. Bent downwards at tip. Nostrils well developed.
Lips: Clean and tight.
Jaws/Teeth: Under-jaw deep and strong. Teeth sound, clean, strong, of good size, regular with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i. e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
Eyes: Appearing narrow and triangular, obliquely placed, black or as dark brown as possible so as to appear almost black and with a piercing glint. Distance from tip of nose to eyes perceptibly greater than that from eyes to top of skull. Blue or partly blue undesirable.
Ears: Small, thin and placed close together. Dog should be able to hold them stiffly erect, when they point straight upwards.

NECK: Very muscular, long, arched, tapering from shoulders to head and free from loose skin

BODY: Well rounded with marked spring of rib and great depth from withers to brisket, so that latter nearer ground than belly.
Back: Short, strong, with backline behind withers level, arching or roaching slightly over loins.
Loin: Broad, well muscled.
Chest: Broad when viewed from front.
Underline and belly: From brisket to belly forms a graceful upward curve.

TAIL: Short, set on low and carried horizontally. Thick at root, it tapers to a fine point.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS:
General appearance: Dog should stand solidly upon legs and they should be perfectly parallel. In mature dogs length of forelegs should be approximately equal to depth of chest.
Shoulder: Strong and muscular without loading. Shoulder blades wide, flat and held closely to chest wall and have a very pronounced backward slope of front edge from bottom to top, forming almost a right angle with upper arm.
Elbow: Held straight and strong.
Forearm: Forelegs have strongest type of round, quality bone.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Upright.
Forefeet: Round and compact with well arched toes.

HINDQUARTERS:
General appearance: Hind legs parallel when viewed from behind.
Thigh: Muscular.
Stifle (Knee): Joint well bent.
Lower thigh: Well developed.
Hock joint: Well angulated.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Bone to foot short and strong.
Hind feet: Round and compact with well arched toes.

GAIT / MOVEMENT: When moving appears well knit, smoothly covering ground with free, easy strides and with a typical jaunty air. When trotting, movement parallel, front and back, only converging towards centre line at faster speeds, forelegs reaching out well and hind legs moving smoothly at hip, flexing well at stifle and hock, with great thrust.

SKIN: Fitting dog tightly.

COAT:
Hair: Short, flat, even and harsh to touch with a fine gloss. A soft textured undercoat may be present in winter.

Colour: For White, pure white coat. Skin pigmentation and markings on head not to be penalised. For Coloured, colour predominates; all other things being equal, brindle preferred. Black brindle, red, fawn and tricolour acceptable. Tick markings in white coat undesirable. Blue and liver highly undesirable.

SIZE AND WEIGHT: Height should not exceed 35,5 cms. There should be an impression of substance to size of dog consistent with quality and sex. There is no weight limit. Dog should at all times be balanced.

FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS
• Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified

N.B: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

 
 

GRUPPO 3 - TERRIER
Lo Standard FCI n° 359 deliberato il 3 gennaio 2012 sancisce il Miniature Bull Terrier una razza a se stante (quindi staccata dal Bull Terrier Taglia Normale, standard n° 11).

Nel paragrafo Size and Weight, cioè Taglia e Peso, troviamo la seguente descrizione:
“L’altezza non dovrebbe superare i 35,5 centimetri, dove ci dovrebbe essere l’impressione di solidità in relazione alla taglia del cane in coerenza alle caratteristiche e al sesso (maschio o femmina).

Quindi analizzando le parole si deduce che la suddetta misura non è un vincolo insuperabile, visto l’uso del condizionale, ma una condizione ottimale in rapporto stretto con la sostanza e il dimorfismo sessuale. Il tutto si traduce con il seguente termine: bilanciamento.
Questo spiega il motivo per cui gli Inglesi e non solo, allevano utilizzando l’interbreeding e presentano cani, a volte, anche di 40 centimetri al garrese.

L’armonia dell’insieme diventa condizione essenziale e necessaria affinché un Miniatura rimanga sempre e comunque un Bull Terrier, con il quale divide uno standard fotocopia, indipendentemente dalla taglia.

Sicuramente si sarebbe potuta giocare una partita importante differenziando le altezze tra maschi e femmine, con una forbice minima di pochi centimetri e mantenendo il limite inferiore assoluto di 35,5 cm evitando in questo modo l’anarchia dimensionale che confonde e crea malumori tra gli allevatori e i giudici nei ring.
Indicativamente come nello standard dello Staffordshire Bull Terrier dove oltre ad esserci una differenza di 5 cm su cui giocare si ha anche un peso tarato sui parametri dell’altezza.

Per concludere credo che il vero segreto stia nell’eleganza delle forme, la vera differenza tra un cane corretto ed un fuoriclasse.

 

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